鍘嬪姏鑳歌。涓烘湳鍚庢姢鐞嗗甫鏉ュ摢浜涙敼鍙橈紵-乐乐捕鱼2

闆鸡瀹炰笟
  • 褰撳墠浣嶇疆: > 鍋ュ悍鎸囧崡 >
  • 鍘嬪姏鑳歌。涓烘湳鍚庢姢鐞嗗甫鏉ュ摢浜涙敼鍙橈紵

    鍙戝竷浜?2020-12-03 11:24鏉ユ簮:鍘熷垱

    涔宠吅鐧屾湳鍚庢槗鍙戠敓鐨摚鍧忔銆佺毊涓嬬н娑层€佸嚭琛€銆佷笂鑲㈡穻宸存按鑲跨瓑骞跺彂鐥囷紝鍏朵腑浠ョ毊鐡e潖姝诲拰鐨笅绉恫鐨勫彂鐢熺巼灞呴珮[1]锛屼細瀵艰嚧鎵嬫湳鍒囧彛鎰堝悎鍑忔參銆?浼ゅ彛瑁傚紑銆佹劅鏌撳強寤堕暱鏀剧枟/鍖栫枟绛夋不鐤楁椂闂碵2]銆?/span>

    鏈悗鍔犲帇鍖呮墡杩囩揣鏄毊鐡e潖姝荤殑閲嶈鍘熷洜涔嬩竴锛屾湳鍚庡姞鍘嬪寘鎵庝笉褰撱€佸帇杩笉鍧囧寑鏄骇鐢熺毊涓嬬н娑茬殑閲嶈鍘熷洜锛屽洜姝わ紝閫夊彇鍚堥€傜殑鍖呮墡鏂规硶瀵瑰噺灏戠毊鐡e潖姝诲拰棰勯槻鏈悗鐨笅绉恫鏈夋樉钁楃н鏋佷綔鐢ㄣ€?/span>[3]

    涔宠吅鏈悗涓村簥甯哥敤鍖呮墡鏂规硶

    鐩墠涔宠吅鐧?/u>鏈悗涓村簥甯哥敤鐨勫垁鍙e寘鎵庢柟娉?/span>[4]锛?/span>

    1.浼犵粺缁峰甫鍔犲帇鍖呮墡锛?/span>绾卞竷缁峰甫鐜舰鍖呮墡銆傜己鐐硅〃鐜板湪涓ゆ柟闈紝涓€鏂归潰绾卞竷缁峰甫鏄撳嚭鐜版澗鍔紝杈句笉鍒板姞鍘嬫晥鏋滐紱鍙︿竴鏂归潰绱у帇鑳稿鏃犲脊鎬э紝鎮h€呰垝閫傚害杈冨樊銆?/span>

    2.寮瑰姏缁峰甫鍔犲帇鍖呮墡锛?/span>閲囩敤鎴愬嵎寮瑰姏缁峰甫娌夸钩鎴跨幆褰㈠寘鎵庛€傜己鐐硅〃鐜板湪浠ヤ笅涓夋柟闈細鎮h€呭懠鍚告垨鍜冲椊鏃舵槗浣垮浐瀹氬甫鏉炬暎锛屼粠鑰屽噺寮卞姞鍘嬩綔鐢紱鏉剧揣搴︿笉鏄撴帉鎻★紝鍖呮墡杩囩揣浼氶€犳垚鐨摚缂鸿鍧忔锛涘尰鐢ㄦ潗鏂?(绾卞竷銆佺环甯︾瓑 ) 娑堣€楅噺澶э紝涓嶅埄浜庨檷浣庡尰鐤楁垚鏈€?/span>

    3. 鍖荤敤鑳稿甫鍔犲帇鍖呮墡锛?/span>鏄竴绉嶆柊鍨嬬殑鍔犲帇鍖呮墡鏂规硶锛岀洰鍓嶅湪涓村簥涓婄殑浣跨敤鐜囨棩瓒嬪崌楂榌5]銆傚尰鐢ㄨ兏甯︽槸涓€绉嶅惈灞€閮ㄧ幆褰㈠缁峰甫锛屽埄鐢ㄤ笂鏂逛袱鏍归暱鑲╁甫鍙嶆姌榛忚创浜庤兏鍓嶇殑鑳屽績寮忚兏甯︺€備笌浠ヤ笂涓ょ鍖呮墡鏂规硶鐩告瘮瀹冨叿鏈変互涓嬩紭鐐癸細绠€鍗曟槗鎿嶄綔锛涘褰㈢編瑙傦紝鑸掗€傚害楂橈紱缁忔祹鑰愮敤锛屾偅鑰呮槗浜庢帴鍙椼€?/span>

    涓€浣撳紡鍘嬪姏缁峰甫锛堝帇鍔涜兏琛o級鏇存湁鍒╀簬鍔犲帇鍖呮墡

    鍦ㄣ€婁竴浣撳紡鍘嬪姏缁峰甫鍦ㄤ钩鑵虹檶鏈悗鐨笅绉恫鎶ょ悊涓殑搴旂敤銆媅6]鐨勪复搴婅瘯楠屼腑锛岄€夊彇濂虫€т钩鑵虹檶鏀硅壇鏍规不鏈偅鑰?00渚嬶紝閬靛惊鑷効鍏ョ粍鐨勫師鍒欙紝鎸夋墜鏈厛鍚庨殢鏈哄垎涓哄鐓х粍鍜岃瀵熺粍锛屾瘡缁?00渚嬶紝瀵圭収缁勫疄鏂芥櫘閫氬脊鍔涚环甯︼紝瑙傚療缁勫湪甯歌鎶ょ悊鍩虹涓婁娇鐢ㄤ竴浣撳紡鍘嬪姏缁峰甫銆?/span>

    銆婁竴浣撳紡鍘嬪姏缁峰甫鍦ㄤ钩鑵虹檶鏈悗鐨笅绉恫鎶ょ悊涓殑搴旂敤銆嬩复搴婅瘯楠屽姣斿垎鏋愯〃[7]

    瀵规瘮缁撴灉鏄剧ず锛?/span>涓€浣撳紡鍘嬪姏缁峰甫绗﹀悎褰撳墠鐨笅绉恫鐨勫鐞嗚姹傦紝闄嶄綆涓嶈壇鍙嶅簲鐜囷紝鍚屾椂鏈€澶х▼搴︽彁鍗囪垝閫傚害鍜屾弧鎰忕巼绛夛紝纭繚鎮h€呮湳鍚庡敖蹇仮澶嶏紝鍊煎緱鎴戜滑鎺ㄥ箍搴旂敤[8]銆?/span>

    闆鸡鍘嬪姏鑳歌。浠?/span>涔宠吅鏈悗鐢ㄦ埛搴峰鏈熼渶姹備负渚濇嵁锛屽湪瀹夊叏鎬с€佸姛鑳芥€с€佸疄鐢ㄦ€с€佽垝閫傛€?/span>绛夋柟闈㈡彁鍗?a href='http://www.xuelun.com.cn' target='_blank'>浜у搧鍝佽川锛?/span>鎻愰珮鐢ㄦ埛鐨勭┛鐫€渚挎嵎搴﹀拰鑸掗€傚害锛岃繘鑰屾彁鍗囩敤鎴风敓娲昏川閲?/span>銆?/span>

    闆鸡鍘嬪姏鑳歌。鐗圭偣

    1.鑲╁甫鍙婅兏鍓嶅彲瀹屽叏鎵撳紑锛屼究浜庢鏌?/span>

    2.鍐呮湁鍙斁缃~鍏呯墿/鍋囦綋鐨勬彃琚?/span>锛屽彲鏀剧疆涔変钩

    3.鑳稿墠銆佽偐閮ㄥ鎺掑嬀鎵h璁?/span>锛屽彲鑷敱璋冭妭

    4.鍥涘悜寮瑰姏鐨勬媺浼搞€佹棤缂濋拡缁?/span>锛岀┛鐫€鑸掗€?/span>

    5.涓嶅悓鍘嬪姏鍒嗗尯鎻愪緵鎵€闇€鐨勪笉鍚屽帇鍔?/span>

    杩欑鍘嬪姏鑳歌。瀹夊叏涓撲笟锛岄€傜敤浜庡绉嶄钩鑵烘湳鍚庡悍澶嶆湡浣跨敤锛屾棬鍦ㄤ负鏈悗濂虫€с€佸尰鐢熴€佷复搴婁笓瀹跺拰鐩稿叧涓撲笟鍖荤枟鏈嶅姟鍟嗕笟鍚堜綔浼欎即鎻愪緵鏇村ソ鐨勪骇鍝併€傚悓鏃讹紝灏藉彲鑳藉湴鎻愰珮鐢ㄦ埛搴峰鏈熺殑韬綋鑸掗€傚害锛岃繘鑰屾彁楂樼敤鎴风敓娲昏川閲忋€?/span>

    闆鸡鍘嬪姏鑳歌。鐨勪僵鎴?/span>

    涔宠吅鎵嬫湳鍚庡嵆鍙僵鎴村帇鍔涜兏琛c€傛牴鎹笉鍚屾墜鏈被绫诲瀷锛屽帇鍔涜兏琛d僵鎴存椂闂村強鍛ㄦ湡涓嶅悓锛?/span>

    娉細浠ヤ笂涓哄缓璁僵鎴村師鍒欏強鍛ㄦ湡锛屽疄闄呬娇鐢ㄩ渶鎸夌収鍖荤敓鎸囧杩涜銆?/span>

    鍘嬪姏鑳歌。鐨勭┛鐫€鏂瑰紡闈炲父绠€鍗曘€傛墜鏈悗锛屽尰鐢熷浼ゅ彛杩涜娓呭垱銆佹暦鑽瓑姝e父澶勭悊锛屽湪浼ゅ彛澶勬暦浠ョ罕甯冨潡鍚庯紝涓嶉渶鍐嶄娇鐢ㄧ环甯︾紶缁曪紝鑰岀洿鎺ヤ僵鎴村帇鍔涜兏琛o紝鍦ㄦ偅渚у彛琚嬭鍏ヨ繃娓℃湡涔変钩锛堜簯鏌斾箟涔虫垨妫夎川涔変钩锛夛紝璋冩暣鑸掗€傚嵆鍙€?/span>

    浣跨敤娉ㄦ剰浜嬮」

    1.濡傛湁鍏充簬濡備綍浣跨敤鍜屾纭┛鎴寸殑闂锛岃鍜ㄨ鍖绘姢浜哄憳銆?/span>

    2.鍔″繀姝g‘鏀剧疆鑳歌。涓嬬殑绾卞竷鍜屽紩娴佺锛屼互閬垮厤鍘嬭揩鍜屽θ纰嶅紩娴佺銆傚鍙戠敓涓嶉€傛垨浼ゅ彛鍒烘縺鐨勬儏鍐碉紝璇峰挩璇㈠尰鎶や汉鍛樸€?/span>

    3.浣跨敤鏃舵劅瑙夎兏闂凤紝搴斿強鏃惰鍖绘姢浜哄憳澶勭悊锛涢€傚綋璋冩暣鑳歌。瀹芥澗搴︼紝浠ラ槻琛€娑插洖娴佷笉鐣呫€?/span>

    4.鏈骇鍝佷互闈炴棤鑿屽舰寮忔彁渚涳紱浜у搧涓嶅疁鐩存帴鎺ヨе鍒涘彛锛岀粦鍦ㄧ罕甯冨銆?/span>

    5.涓洪槻姝氦鍙夋劅鏌擄紝鏈骇鍝佸彧鍏佽涓撲汉鍦ㄦ不鐤楀懆鏈熷唴涓撶敤锛屼笉寰楀浜哄叡鐢ㄣ€?/span>

    6.浜у搧浣跨敤鍚庢寜銆婂尰鐤楀簾鐗╃鐞嗘潯渚嬨€嬬殑鏈夊叧瑙勫畾閿€姣併€?/span>

    7.鍖呰鍚庣殑鍘嬪姏鑳歌。搴旇串瀛樺湪鏃犺厫铓€鎬ф皵浣撱€侀€氶鑹ソ鐨勬竻娲佸鍐咃紝甯告俯锛屾箍搴︹墹85%銆?/span>

    鍏呭垎鑰冭檻涔宠吅鏈悗鐢ㄦ埛闇€姹傦紝闆鸡涓嶄粎鎻愪緵澶氭鍘嬪姏鑳歌。浜у搧锛岃繕鎻愪緵涓撲笟鐨勪钩鑵哄姞鍘嬪脊鍔涚环甯︿骇鍝侊紝閫傜敤浜庝笉鍚岀被鍨嬩钩鑵烘湳鍚庡悍澶嶆湡浣跨敤銆傞洩浼︿钩鑵哄姞鍘嬪脊鍔涚环甯︿负涓€绫诲尰鐤楀櫒姊帮紝缁忚嵂鐩戝眬涓€绫讳骇鍝佸妗堝強涓€绫诲尰鐤楀櫒姊扮敓浜у妗堛€傚叾涓璌211銆並215鑾峰浗瀹剁煡璇嗕骇鏉冨眬棰佸彂鐨勫瑙傝璁′笓鍒╄瘉涔︺€?br/>

    璁ゅ噯涓撲笟璧勮川閫夋嫨閫傚悎鐨勪钩鑵哄姞鍘嬪脊鍔涚环甯?/span>

    绉夋壙鐫€鈥滀笓涓氥€佷笓娉ㄣ€佸鐢ㄦ埛璐熻矗鈥濈殑鎬佸害锛屾垜浠潥鎸佺鎶€鍒涙柊锛屼弗鏍肩鎺т骇鍝佸搧璐紝浠庝钩鑵烘湳鍚庡悍澶嶆湡澶氱淮搴︺€佸鍦烘櫙鍑哄彂锛屼负鐢ㄦ埛鎻愪緵鏇村姞涓撲笟銆佸畨鍏ㄣ€?a href='http://www.xuelun520.com' target='_blank'>鍋ュ悍銆佷究鎹风殑浜у搧銆?/span>


    鍙傝€冩枃鐚細

    [1] 鎴峰簞, 椹槑寰? 甯镐寒, et al. 涔宠吅鐧屾敼鑹牴娌绘墜鏈苟鍙戠棁鍘熷洜鍒嗘瀽鍙婇闃插绛朳j]. 涓鍖荤枟, 2014.

    [2-4]楂樻枃. 鍖荤敤鑳稿甫鍔犲帇鍖呮墡娉曚笌寮瑰姏缁峰甫鍔犲帇鍖呮墡娉曞鍑忓皯涔宠吅鐧屾湳鍚庡苟鍙戠棁鐨勫姣旂爺绌禰j]. 鍋ュ悍蹇呰, 2018, 000(028):36.

    [5] 闊╁缓鍕? 涓佸畧鎴? 鑷埗鑳搁儴闄勫姞鎮d晶涓婅偄涓€浣撳浐瀹氬甫鍦ㄩ槻娌讳钩鑵虹檶鏈悗鐨笅绉恫涓殑搴旂敤[j]. 鍖诲鐞嗚涓庡疄璺? 2013(10):1275-1277.

    [6-8]鐜嬩附涓? 鏉ㄦ睗鑾? 涓€浣撳紡鍘嬪姏缁峰甫鍦ㄤ钩鑵虹檶鏈悗鐨笅绉恫鎶ょ悊涓殑搴旂敤[j]. 涓栫晫鏈€鏂板尰瀛︿俊鎭枃鎽? 2019(73).

    鏇村绮惧僵鍐呭锛?a href="http://www.xuelun.net/" target="_blank" title="闆鸡瀹樼綉">闆鸡瀹樼綉

    鏍囩(tag):
      , , ,
    ------鍒嗛殧绾?---------------------------
    ------鍒嗛殧绾?---------------------------